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List #2 1945 - 1948 Own the Current 38 page 35 Photos Booklet (Order Now)

Key to this list: (Updated to October 1, 2010)
1. Number in the list
2. Name of ship as it appears in Lloyd's Register
3. Name of ship as given by Haganah
4. Flag of ship
5. Type of ship. Str= steamer, schr = schooner, m/v = motor vessel
6. Picture of ship if available
7. Gross tonnage and year built
8. Date ship sailed
9. Country that ship sailed from
10. Arrival date in Palestine. If a ship was sunk, date of loss.
11. Result of voyage (arrested, undetected, sunk, passengers transferred)
12. Number of immigrants on board
Note: The notes to each sailing are located on the ship’s page and may be accessed by clicking on the ship's number or name, or on the photo if one is present.

Fatalities to immigrants (September 1945 to May 1948) (excluding natural causes)


110.Wingate1 + 1 Palmach
125.Arba Cheruyot2
126.Palmach1
130.Knesset Israel1 + 1 British soldier
131.Rafiah8
132.Lanegev1
143.Exodus 19472 + 1 American volunteer crewmember
146.Af Al Pi Chen1
Ship #Reg.NameShipflagTypepictureGRT/builtDeparture dateSailed fromArr.DateResultNumber Aboard
101Sirius
Dalin
 f/b 35/21 Aug 1945Italy28 Aug 1945undetected35
102Nettuno
Natan 1
   65/27 Aug 1945Italy4 Sep 1945undetected79
103
Gabriela
   60/2 Sep 1945Greece9 Sep 1945undetected40
104Pietro
Peter 1
  170/194512 Sep 1945Italy17 Sep 1945undetected168
105Nettuno
Natan 2
   65/24 Sep 1945Italy1 Oct 1945undetected73
106Pietro
Peter 2
  170/194515 Oct 1945Italy22 Oct 1945undetected174
107Demetrios
Berl Katznelson
Greecem/v 117/190616 Nov 1945Greece23 Nov 1945arrested220
Start of Royal Navy patrols off Palestine
108Andarta
Hannah Senesh
 m/v144/194214 Dec 1945Italy25 Dec 1945undetected252
109Rondine (1)
Enzo Sereni
 m/v410/19457 Jan 1946Italy17 Jan 1946arrested908
110Kismet Adalia
Wingate
 aux schr200/13 Mar 1946Italy25 Mar 1946arrested248
111Asya
Tel Hai
Turkeyyt427/187516 Mar 1946France27 Mar 1946arrested736
112Smyrni
Max Nordau
Greecem/v761/19077 May 1946Romania14 May 1946arrested1754
113Fede (1)
Dov Hos
Italym/v512/19468 May 1946Italy13 May 1946legal675
114Fenice (1)
Eliahu Golomb
Italym/v313/19188 May 1946Italy13 May 1946legal735
115Agios Andreas
Haviva Reik
Greecem/v150/28 May 1946Greece8 Jun 1946arrested462
116Colon
Josiah Wedgwood
Panamastr980/194420 Jun 1946Italy26 Jun 1946arrested1259
117Hochelaga
HaChayal HaIvri
Hondurasstr628/190014 Jul 1946Belgium31 Jul 1946arrested550
118Balboa
Haganah (1)
Panamastr980/194320 Jul 1946France24 Jun 1946transferred1108
118aBalboa
Haganah (2)
Panamastr980/194324 Jul 1946Yugoslavia29 Jul 1946arrested2678
119Akbel
Biriah
Turkeystr294/189822 Jun 1946from #118 1 Jul 1946arrested1108
12 Aug 1946 : British announce that all future arrivals would be deported to Cyprus.
120Sagolem
Yagur
Greecem/v300/29 Jul 1946France11 Aug 1946arrested758
121Ariette Salom
Henrietta Szold
 aux schr150/30 Jul 1946Greece12 Aug 1946arrested536
122Maria Serra
Katriel Jaffe
Italybarkentine335/192031 Jul 1946Italy13 Aug 1946arrested604
123San Sisino
Twenty-Three
Italybarkentine283/19212 Aug 1946Italy15 Aug 1946arrested790
124Ile de la Rose
Amiram Shochat
Franceyawl110/19136 Aug 1946Italy16 Aug 1946undetected183
125Fede (2)
Arba Cheruyot
Italym/v512/194623 Aug 1946Italy2 Sep 1946arrested1024
126Ariella
Palmach
Italybrigantine235/190611 Sep 1946Italy22 Sep 1946arrested611
127Fenice (2)
Bracha Fuld
Italym/v313/19189 Oct 1946Italy20 Oct 1946arrested806
128San Dimitrio
Latrun
Panamastr733/187119 Oct 1946France1 Nov 1946arrested1279
129Agia Anastasia
HaKedosha
Greecem/v  8 Nov 1946Yugoslavia9 Nov 1946sunk600
130Lochita
Knesset Israel
Panamastr1870/18898 Nov 1946Yugoslavia25 Nov 1946arrested3845
131Athina
Rafiah
Greecestr273/189826 Nov 1946Yugoslavia5 Dec 1946sunk785
132Merica
Lanegev
Italybrigantine296/187518 Jan 1947France9 Feb 1947arrested647
133Ulua
Haim Arlosoroff
Hondurasstr808/191224 Jan 1947Sweden27 Feb 1947arrested1378
134San Miguel
HaMapil HaAlmoni
Panamastr472/18763 Feb 1947France17 Feb 1947arrested807
135Abril
Ben Hecht
Hondurasyt753/19301 Mar 1947France9 Mar 1947arrested597
136Susannah
Shabtai Luzinsky
Italystr298/19464 Mar 1947Italy12 Mar 1947undetected823
137San Felipe
Moledet
Panamastr749/187623 Mar 1947Italy29 Mar 1947arrested1588
138Guardian
Theodor Herzl
Hondurasstr1768/19072 Apr 1947France13 Apr 1947arrested2641
139Galata
Shear Yashuv
Turkeystr300/7 Apr 1947Italy23 Apr 1947arrested768
140Trade Winds
Hatikva
Hondurasstr741/18978 May 1947Italy17 May 1947arrested1414
141Anal
Yehuda Halevi
Panamastr253/187711 May 1947Algeria31 May 1947arrested399
142Orietta
Mordei HaGetaot
Italybarkentine491/192013 May 1947Italy24 May 1947arrested1457
143President Warfield
Exodus 1947
Hondurasstr1814/192811 Jul 1947France17 Jul 1947arrested4554
144Luciano
Shivat Zion
Italybarkentine264/190216 Jul 1947Algeria28 Jul 1947arrested411
145Bruna
14 Halalei Gesher Haziv
Italyschr297/194417 Jul 1947Italy28 Jul 1947arrested685
146Farida
Af Al Pi Chen
 LCT350/194415 Sep 1947Italy27 Sep 1947arrested434
147Northland
Medinat HaYehudim
Panamastr1273/192726 Sep 1947Bulgaria2 Oct 1947arrested2664
148Paducah
Geulah
Panamastr916/190426 Sep 1947Bulgaria2 Oct 1947arrested1385
149Albertina
Aliyah
Italymotor schr109/19455 Nov 1947Italy15 Nov 1947undetected182
150Rafaellucia
Kadima
Italyschr351/19215 Nov 1947Italy16 Nov 1947arrested794
29 Nov 1947: United Nations approves partition of Palestine
151Marie Annik
HaPortzim
 schr----/192722 Nov 1947France4 Dec 1947undetected167
152Maria Cristina
Lo Tafchidunu
Italyschr371/194611 Dec 1947Italy22 Dec 1947arrested884
153Giovanni Maria
29 BeNovember
Italybarkentine280/190714 Dec 1947France28 Dec 1947arrested680
154Archimede
HaUmot HaMeuhadot
Italyschr350/192724 Dec 1947Italy1 Jan 1948undetected537
155Pan Crescent
Atzmaut
Panamastr4570/190127 Dec 1947Bulgaria1 Jan 1948arrested7612
156Pan York
Kibbutz Galuyot
Panamastr4570/190127 Dec 1947Bulgaria1 Jan 1948arrested7557
157Sylvia Starita
35 Giborei Kfar Etzion
Italybarkentine114/192117 Jan 1948Italy31 Jan 1948arrested280
158Ambrosiano
Yerushalayim Hanezura
Italybrigantine 197/19143 Feb 1948Italy12 Feb 1948arrested679
159Sette Fratelli
Lekommemiyut
 schr 292/19458 Feb 1948France20 Feb 1948arrested696
160Rondine (2)
Bonim v'Lochamim
 schr410/194518 Feb 1948Yugoslavia28 Feb 1948arrested982
161Esmeralda
Yehiam
 schr343/194410 Mar 1948Italy29 Mar 1948arrested771
162Vivare
Tirat Zvi
Italyschr446/19433 Apr 1948Italy12 Apr 1948arrested817
163San Michele
Mishmar HaEmek
Italym/v401/194714 Apr 1948Italy24 Apr 1948arrested782
164Tadorne
Nakhshon
Francetrwlr402/190614 Apr 1948France26 Apr 1948arrested553
15 May 1948: British Mandate of Palestine ends; Independence of Israel proclaimed
165Tuglia Cristina
Lanitzachon
  220/8 May 1948Italy17 May 1948 189
166Orchidea
Medinat Yisrael
  240/8 May 1948Italy17 May 1948 243
167Fabio
Krav Emek Ayalon
Italy 268/194520 May 1948France29 May 1948 706
Additional ships
168Altalena
Altalena
PanamaLST1820/194413 Jun 1948France22 Jun 1948 930
169Calanit
Mala
Panamastr1780/1896Jul 1948France11 Jul 1948 1200
          

Selected Bibliography:

Aharoni, Reuben, Leaning Masts: Ships of Jewish Illegal Immigration and Arms after World War II, 1997. (Hebrew)

Avriel, Ehud, Open the Gates! The Dramatic Personal Story of "Illegal" Immigration to Israel. New York: Atheneum, 1975. The author was a principal operator of the Mossad. Preface by Golda Meir.

Frantz, Douglas & Catherine Collins, Death on the Black Sea: the Untold Story of the Struma and World War II's Holocaust at Sea. New York: Ecco: HarperCollins, 2003. Illustrated. A comprehensive study of the Struma catastrophe. Complete list of passengers.

Habas, Bracha, The Gate Breakers. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1963. No index. Translated from Hebrew by David Segal; illustrated by Anna Walinska.

Kimche, Jon & David, The Secret Roads: The "Illegal" Migration of a People 1938-1948.London, Secker & Warburg, 1954.

Klüger (Aliav), Ruth & Peggy Mann, The Last Escape: the Launching of the Largest Secret Rescue Movement of All Time. Garden City: Doubleday & Co., 1973. The author was a member of Mossad personally involved in operations in Romania and Turkey. The book describes her involvement in the Tiger Hill and Darien sailings. Much is based on personal accounts. No index.

Lazar, Chaim, Despite It All. New York: Shengold Publishers, 1984. A history of illegal Jewish immigration as inspired by Jabotinsky 1930-1944 No index. Translated from Hebrew by Goldie Wachsman.

Naor, Mordechai, Haapala: Clandestine Immigration 1931-1948 Tel Aviv: Ministry of Defence Publishing House, 1987. An introduction to the subject. Translated from Hebrew.

Ofer, Dalia, Escaping the Holocaust: Illegal Immigration to the Land of Israel, 1939-1944. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990. Revised English version of Derech Bayam, published in Jerusalem in 1988. A scholarly work by a member of the faculty of Hebrew University, covering all facets of Aliyah Bet during World War II.

Ofer, Dalia & Weiner, Hannah, Dead-End Journey: the Tragic Story of the Kladovo-Šabac Group. Studies in the Shoah, volume XIV. New York: University Press of America, 1996. Translated from Hebrew by Anna Barber. The Kladovo group left Vienna in 1939 but were marooned in Yugoslavia and were murdered there by the Nazis in 1941.

Perl, William, Operation Action: Rescue from the Holocaust. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1983. Illustrated. The author was actively involved in Aliyah Bet in Vienna in 1938-39.

Rohwer, Jürgen, Die Versenkung der jüdischen Flüchtlingstransporter Struma und Mefkure im Schwarzen Meer (Februar 1942, August 1944). Frankfurt am Main: Bernard & Graefe Verlag, 1965. In German. Describes the activities of Jewish emigration from Romania 1941-44.

Steiner, Erich Gershon, The Story of the Patria. New York: Holocaust Library, 1982. No index. Translated from Hebrew by Dinah Cohen. The author was a leader of the refugees on the Milos; the characters are fictional.

Stewart, Ninian, The Royal Navy and the Palestine Patrol. London: Frank Cass, 2002. The author describes how the Royal Navy confronted the problem of illegal immigration.

Trevor, Daphne, Under the White Paper: Some Aspects of British Administration in Palestine from 1939 to 1947. Jerusalem: The Jerusalem Press, 1948. The early chapters cover immigration from 1939 to 1942.

Wasserstein, Bernard, Britain and the Jews of Europe 1939-1945. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1979. The author is a professor of history now at the University of Chicago.

New York Times

Palestine Post

Lloyd's Confidential Index

Location of some passenger lists:

BeNetivei Ha'apala (In the Path of Immigration) The Illegal Immigration Database

http://www.shimur.co.il/show_item.asp?itemId=663&levelId=46221

http://www.shimur.org/english/files/wordocs/Questionnaire%20English.doc

British Archives, C.O. 733/466 Mauritius deportees

CO 733/466 Astir

Jabotinsky Institute Sakarya, Pencho

Lekarov V'larahok various ships1945-1947

(see Avotaynu XIV no.2, Summer 1998)

Death on the Black Sea, Frantz & Collins Struma

The Jews' Secret Fleet, Hochstein Crew members of American ships 1946-48.

The Atlit Internment Camp has a website and an e-mail address, phone numbers and regular mailing address. Forms can be downloaded from the website, http://www.shimur.co.il/english/index-e.html

Atlit Internment Camp 
POB 189
Atlit 30350
Israel
Tel.: +972-4-9841980
Fax: +972-4-9842814
e-mail: shimurm@netvision.net.il
website: www.shimur.co.il




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